A Preliminary Study of Banana Stem Juice as a Plant-Based Coagulant for Treatment of Spent Coolant Wastewater, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sarawak Campus, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia, http://www.doe.gov.my/portal/legislation-actsregulation-order/, Regulatory standard discharge limit (mg/L). where is turbidity of raw spent coolant wastewater (NTU), is turbidity after treatment (NTU), and is turbidity of raw spent coolant wastewater (NTU). this banana stem juice as a natural coagulant were carried out on the same day. Matured banana plants were collected from Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. Thus, a large amount of spent coolant wastewater generated from metal-working operations which is generally in high COD (Table 1) has become a great concern for the manufacturing industries. Inulin analysis in banana stem was determined using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) Agilent 1200. Values of p-value for bio-flocculant yield from banana pseudostem and rice straw Table 4.2 Table 4.3 Table 4.4 Table 4.5 Table 4.6 Table 4.7 and Table 4.8 Intensity (cm-1) of FTIR extracted pectin from banana pseudo-stem. A Preliminary Study of Banana Stem Juice as a Plant-Based Coagulant for Treatment of Spent Coolant Wastewater. When all the microflocs attached to the polymer chain of the inulin, this will form bigger and heavier flocs. Jar tests were conducted using varying dosages and pH adjustment of raw wastewater. This is due to the high-moisture composition of that compared to the banana stem. Horoscope 2021: Health Predictions For All Zodiac Signs. [25]. J. R. Portela, J. Lopez, E. Nebot, and E. Martinez de la Ossa, “Elimination of cutting oil wastes by promoted hydrothermal oxidation,”, C. J. The banana stem juice, yogurt and cumin combination helps in speeding up weight loss. Usually ships within 1 to 3 weeks. 64 based coagulants such as mustard seed extract (Bodlund et al., 2014), rice starch (Teh et al., 65 2014), guar gum (Mukherjee et al., 2013), banana stem juice (Alwi et al., 2013), Moringa 66 oleifera (Muthuraman and Sasikak, 2014) and others were found to be effective in water and 67 wastewater treatment. Spent coolant wastewater was collected from camera lens manufacturer company in Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia. [30], where the lowest turbidity removal percentages recorded using cactus Opuntia were at pH 6 and 7 while the optimum pH was 10 for synthetic kaolin wastewater treatment. The experiments were conducted at room temperature without adjusting the initial pH. Iron coagulants are mainly ferric chloride, ferric chloride sulphate, ferrous sulfate and ferric sulphate; also magnesium carbonate and hydrated sodium carbonate (lime) are used. Its application includes the removal of dissolved chemical species and turbidity via the addition of widely used chemical-based coagulants such as alum (AlCl3), ferric chloride (FeCl3), polyaluminium chloride (PAC), and synthetic polymer. This drink has lots of medicinal benefits in them. The usage of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant in COD, SS, and turbidity removal, however, is known to be limited in the published literature. Strain the juice using a mesh sieve. The thorns were removed and the pith of the stem (Figure 1) was then separated from the foliage. At pH 7 and 90 mL dosage ,the highest recorded COD, SS and turbidity removal percentages were 80.1%, 88.6& and 98.5% respectively. Therefore, the settlement of the suspended solid will reduce the turbidity and the COD of the sample waste in flocculation process during jar test analysis. A similar observation was seen from the findings by Zhang et al. Banana is a herbaceous plant of the genus Musa spp. of the family Musaceae. Before injecting for analysis, the juice was filtered using nylon acrodisc filter 0.45 μm to avoid any interference. Coagulation experiments using jar test were performed with a flocculation system where the effects of spent coolant wastewater pH as well as banana … Therefore this will help in fast settlement of the floc for coagulation of spent coolant wastewater. Due to its numerous health benefits, it is said that drinking a glass of Banana stem juice in the morning will keep you fit. The coagulation/flocculation effectiveness of the banana stem juice was compared with Malaysian standard effluent discharge limit. Turbidity test was measured using portable turbidimeter (Model HACH 2100P). [28]. Only 2 left in stock - order soon. More HEALTH News . In 1 cup of water, soak the banana stem and leave it for an hour to soften it. METHODS. The spent coolant wastewater was collected from the site with excessive oil from the machine-processing operation. Habsah Alwi, Juferi Idris, Mohibah Musa, Ku Halim Ku Hamid, "A Preliminary Study of Banana Stem Juice as a Plant-Based Coagulant for Treatment of Spent Coolant Wastewater", Journal of Chemistry, vol. It also improves the machinability, increases productivity, and extends tool life by cooling and lubricating the parts and cutting tools. Banana stem juice is diuretic and it flushes away the toxins and cleanses the urinary tract. To make the juice, combine chopped banana stem and water and grind it in a … However, percentage removal for turbidity at pH 7 was found slightly less (90.9%) compared to the percentage removal at pH 5 (highest percentage removal, 95.2%). This drink has lots of medicinal benefits in them. Intensity (cm-1) of FTIR for commercial pectin Intensity (cm-1) of FTIR extracted pectin from rice straw. Suspended solid was measured using glass fiber disk filtration method. The glass fiber filter disks were dried in the oven at 100–105°C for one hour to remove any moisture that can affect the suspended solid measurement. Coolant is widely used to provide a degree of lubrication and for cooling in various metal-working operations. The oil on the top of the coolant was separated through skimming process, and spent coolant wastewater (without any excessive oil) was collected at the spent coolant storage prior to the treatment process within the plant operation. V.J. 2013, Article ID 165057, 7 pages, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/165057, 1Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia, 2Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sarawak Campus, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia. IJSER is an open access international journal or a large number of high quality and peer reviewed research publishing in all the fields of science, engineering and technology. The mixture was left for 1 hour and later the supernatant was collected to determine the COD, SS and turbidity using the standard method. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of turbid water was investigated. Banana stem juice is also a great digestive, which aids bowel movement and contains good fibre for your gut. The highest recorded COD, SS, and turbidity removal percentages by banana stem juice were 80.1%, 88.6%, and 98.5%, respectively, observed for effluent at pH 7 using 90 mL dosage. wastes [19]. e-liquide Banana's Rider Kong Juice par Juice'N Vape, formulé en 50% VG et 50% PG. The result from this study showed that the inulin concentration in the banana stem was 1.22016 mg/mL. Ready For Thanksgiving Feast? Jar test with a flocculation system was used and the effects of spent coolant wastewater pH on coagulation effectiveness were examined. It prevents kidney stones, keeps blood sugar under control, keeps your body cool and is also a very good detox food. Consume it thick or just add some water. The stem of the banana is low in calories but high in fibre content. Banana is one of the most widely grown tropical fruits because of its high food value and an important addition to the diet. Strain the juice using a mesh sieve. Enjoy this regularly atleast once or twice a week. The recommended daily amount of fiber is 25 grams, but if you consume 20 to 40 grams of fiber a day, you will be able to lose weight more easily. Compliance of treated spent coolant wastewater using banana stem juice with Malaysian standard effluent discharge limit. If you are interested in weight loss, try to consume the juice of banana stem to keep yourself full. It is a diuretic, and one of the most effective ways to cleanse your system from ailments. Dishes such as vazhaithandu poriyal, vazhaithandu kootu (banana stem cooked with lentils), vazahaithandu thoran (banana stem tempered and garnished with coconut) are popular in Tamil Nadu. The fresh juice of banana stem (Figure 2) was stored in a refrigerator at 7°C to ensure its freshness. Blend it in the blender to make juice out of it. Banana stem juice is beneficial to health, according to Ayurveda. Add some buttermilk and salt. This paper reports on the potential of juice produced from banana stem as a natural coagulant for the removal of COD, SS, and turbidity from spent coolant wastewater. Healthy banana stem juice which is proven to clear kidney stone and other sickness. Table 4 analyses the compliance of COD, SS, and turbidity concentrations of spent coolant wastewater treated with banana stem juice with standard effluent discharge limits A and B stipulated by the Department of Environment (DOE), Malaysia. The total suspended solid removal percentage was calculated as follows: Cumin contains phytoesterols that blocks cholesterol absorption in the gut. Parameters: Raw spent coolant wastewater (mg/L) Treated spent coolant wastewater (mg/L) Standard effluent discharge limit (mg/L) banana stem juice: A: B: pH: … The coagulation experiments using banana stem juice were carried out on the same day to avoid any fermentation process. Therefore, controlled pH of the spent coolant wastewater determines the effectiveness of banana stem juice in the flocculation process, where it determines the maximum COD, SS, and turbidity percentage removal. The sample cell was placed into the turbidimeter and the turbidity value was shown in NTU unit. S.maurya(2018),investigated the natural coagulant such as banana peel powder, banana stem juice, papaya seed powder and neem leaf powder for removal of turbidity, chemical oxygen demand and total suspended solids form municipal waste water. Coagulation Jar Test Experiments.Coagulation experiments using jar test were performed in the laboratory with a bioblock flocculation that comprises sixpaddle - rotor, and all tests were conducted at room temperature. fresh juice of banana stem was stored in a refrigerator at 7 °C to ensure its freshness. Coagulation experiments using jar test were performed with a flocculation system where the effects of spent coolant wastewater pH as well as banana stem juice dosage on coagulation effectiveness were examined. Coagulation is a common process in the treatment of both industrial wastewater and surface water. The experiments were conducted at room … To make the juice, combine chopped banana stem and water and grind it in a mixer till it becomes smooth. For future study, it is recommended that more experiment should be done such as colour removal, strength of the flocs, and density of the flocs where those parameters influence the floc velocity. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of spent coolant wastewater was investigated . Turbidity removal percentages showed marginal difference in which more than 98% removal was achieved. Managing cholesterol and blood pressure. Banana stem juice (Vazhaithandu) juice is a famous beverage served by many health stores, street vendors and even restaurants in South India. For biological treatment, large area requirement, high maintenance, long retention time, and odour problems are usually associated with pond treatment methods. Other Product Info. Jar tests were conducted using varying dosages and pH adjustment of raw wastewater. Although banana stem juice is capable of reducing the COD, SS, and turbidity concentrations by giving the values of 30,300 mg/L (80.1%), 1,010 mg/L (88.6%), and 1,235 NTU (98.5%), respectively, these values were still higher than standards A and B. Due to high energy consumption or application of variety of chemicals, this would decrease the processing efficiency and increase cost of process [15]. The desired amount of coagulant was added to spent coolant wastewater and stirred at the “flash mixing” speed of approximately 120 rpm for 1 minute. The main parameter studied was Turbidity. The samples were stored at 5°C to prevent spent coolant wastewater from undergoing further biodegradation due to microbial activities. The principle of the turbidity measurement is based on a comparison of the intensity of light scattered by the sample. It is a diuretic, and one of the most effective ways to cleanse your system from ailments. Copyright © 2013 Habsah Alwi et al. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. At pH value higher and lower than this pH of minimum solubility, the charges produced by inulin as a natural polymer from banana stem juice for bridging and entrapping the microfloc to form larger floc were very low; thus, the adsorption on the surfaces of precipitated floc particles was very minimal. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of spent coolant wastewater was investigated . Fig 2: Banana pith juice . The samples were collected in accordance with standard method for the examination of water and wastewater [20]. Shodex column K806 with NaNO3 0.5 M as eluent has been set. Note: You can replace drinking water with plain soda water and Apples with Mangoes in the above recipes to add much better taste to the juice. … We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. Compliance of treated spent coolant wastewater using banana stem juice with Malaysian standard effluent discharge limit. COVID-19: The One Symptom / Sign That You Have COVID-19 Already. Detoxification and Digestion: The juice of the banana stem helps in flushing out toxins from the body. The values were much higher compared to previous results [2, 3, 12, 21–24] except for pH and color. fresh juice of banana stem was stored in a refrigerator at 7 °C to ensure its freshness. Banana Stem: 1 cup, chopped; Freshly squeezed lime juice: 1 tablespoon; Water: 1 cup; A pinch of salt and sugar to taste. Jar tests were conducted using varying dosages and pH adjustment of raw wastewater. Inulin has high bonding capacity as mentioned by Eissens et al. The most commonly used coagulants may be salts of aluminium based or iron based. pH of wastewater samples was controlled by adding 1.0 M H2SO4 or 1.0 M NaOH. The samples were transferred into 20 L plastic containers and then closed, sealed tight, and labelled to avoid any oxidation and contamination before being transported to the laboratory. The concentration of inulin was calculated based on the standard inulin calibration curve. The chemistry of coagulant depends on the pH of any solution during the flocculation process. This pH value was selected based on our findings in this study reported above. where is weight of the disk + solids (g), is weight of empty filter disk (g), is volume of sample (mL). A Preliminary Study of Banana Stem Juice as a Plant-Based Coagulant for Treatment of Spent Coolant Wastewater. is paper reports on the potential of juice produced from banana stem as a natural coagulant for the removal of COD, SS, and turbidity from spent coolant wastewater. It is actually the stalk of the banana flower. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of spent coolant wastewater was investigated . This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Table 2 shows the characteristics of spent coolant wastewater before the coagulation pretreatment. Elemental analysis of banana stem, banana stem juice, and comparison with other natural coagulants. Chennai, Tamil Nadu This property makes banana stem juice a crucial part of the diet for anemic persons. Banana stem can be cooked or consumed raw in juice form. drying and grinding, juice was also extracted from the banana stem. The result from this study indicates that banana stem juice is applicable as a natural coagulant in the pretreatment process of wastewater, and further treatment is needed before it can be discharged into the environment. Ready For Thanksgiving Feast? In Malaysia, the production of commercial varieties of banana has increased by 24–27% over the decades giving an amount of 27,453 hectares in 2009 with Johor, Pahang, and Sarawak as the largest banana-producing states [16]. Coagulation experiments using jar test were performed in the laboratory with a bioblock flocculation that comprises six-paddle rotor () for 600 mL high-shape beakers, and all tests were conducted at room temperature. Newer Post Older Post Home. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. DTI, “Development of an integrated membrane bioreactor system for the treatment of used cuttingfluids and other oily wastes in the engineering industry,” DTI/BMB/39/1500/ 98/10, 1998. The parameters of the study are pH of the solution, coagulant dosage and settling time. Natural coagulants be naturally occurring low cost products, biodegradable and so environment friendly. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. $19.99. This study is based on the relevance of Banana Stem Pith Juice as an organic coagulant for textile wastewater treatment and their comparison for treatment efficiency. At pH 7 and 90 mL dosage ,the highest recorded COD, SS and turbidity removal percentages were 80.1%, 88.6& and 98.5% respectively. The main parameter studied was Turbidity. Analysis of constituents in banana stem was determined using the CHNS/O Analyzer LECO, CHNS932. It is, therefore, the use of natural organic coagulant from plant-based which is cost effective may be an interesting alternative. Cures Anemia. As such, increase in the organic load is responsible for the increase of BOD concentration and subsequently contributes to increased COD concentration in an aqueous solution. As banana stem juice is low in calories, you can take plenty of it without consuming excess calories. Significant linear relationships between turbidity and TSS (R2 = 0.67-0.88) and turbidity removals and COD removals (R2 = 0.68-0.8) were observed. GDR Farm Fresh Koyambedu, Chennai E 114, Periyar Vegetable Market Complex, Koyambedu, Chennai - 600092, Dist. 100 g of small pieces of the pith were mixed with 10 mL of distilled water using a mixer. The lower COD and SS removal percentages might be due to the use of natural coagulant which may increase the organic load in water [31] and result in the possibility for undesired and increased microbial activity [26]. APPLICATION OF BANANA STEM AND RICE STRAW DERIVED BIO-FLOCCULANTS FOR TEXTILE WASTEWATER TREATMENT ABSTRACT This study involve three different stages which … As the banana stem contains lots of fibre, its juice can help you control your cravings and keep you full. To avoid any fermentation, the coagulation experiments using this banana stem juice as a natural coagulant were carried out on the same day. Approximately 2.0 mg of very fine cut of oven dried banana stem was placed in a tin capsule and crimped. To avoid any fermentation, the coagulation experiments using this banana stem juice as a natural coagulant were carried out on the same day. All values except for pH and turbidity are expressed in mg/L. The composition of principal elements of the banana stem was nearly similar with the result obtained by Bilba et al. study is based on the releva nce of Banana Stem Pith Juice as an organic coagulant for textile wastewater treatment an comparison for treatment efficiency. To the juice, add the Apple juice and a few ice cubes to serve it chilled. Conclusion: So, there are some real great health benefits of banana stem. The highest recorded COD, SS, and turbidity … Banana trunk juice can also be included in the weight loss diet. Ingredients. Enjoy this regularly atleast once or twice a week. Table 4. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions. They found that the compositions of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen of the core of banana stem (pseudostem) were 36.83%, 5.19%, and 0.93%, respectively. The stem from which the fruit bunches have been taken should be cut off because it will never again grow fruit. Banana Stem Juice Recipe – Valathandu Juice Recipe with step wise pictures. Horoscope 2021: Health Predictions For All Zodiac Signs. It was then used to filter 10 mL of the supernatant using vacuum filter, and the disk was carefully washed using 10 mL of distilled water. Banana stem juice contains polysaccharide compounds—inulin (1.22016 mg/mL), which is a natural polymer for bridging and entrapping the microfloc to form larger floc. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. This result is rather different compared to plant-based coagulant such as Opuntia ficus-indica with coagulating-flocculating capabilities where 65% of the initial COD was removed at pH 10 (dose of 50 mg/L) [29]. The result showed that inulin can be found in the stem of banana trees, and this is in agreement with the study by Meijer and Mathijssen [26], where most of the inulin is stored in the stem of chicory and Jerusalem artichoke. Table 4. For banana stem juice, the dosages ranged from 50 to 100 mL, and the volume of spent coolant wastewater used was 300 mL. This is a perfect weightloss drink too. COD percentage removal was calculated as follows: It appeared that the highest COD removal percentage was 80.1% while for the suspended solid removal percentage was 88.6% (both 90 mL dosage). Generally, the percentage of COD, SS, and turbidity removal by using banana stem juice showed tremendous potential as a plant-based natural coagulant in the treatment of spent coolant wastewater. To the best of our knowledge, the use of natural and unmodified Cassia 68 obtusifolia seed … The inulin concentration in the banana stem was examined to be 1.22016 mg/mL. The effectiveness of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant for treatment of turbid water was investigated. It is estimated that more than litres of metal-working fluids (MWFs) were used worldwide annually, and the waste could be more than ten times the usage, as the coolants have to be diluted prior to use [3]. Neotea Banana Stem Powder (300g) 2.2 out of 5 stars 8. Two types of plant-based coagulant (banana peel and hibiscus leaf) are used in this study in order to treat industrial effluent. Ltd, No. 2.1 Coagulants: sources and challenges 10 2.2 Types of flocculant: sources and challenges 2.2.1 Synthetic flocculant 2.2.2 Biopolymeric flocculant - bacteria 11 11 13 . The mixed pith was then filtered and the juice was collected. Botanical composition, thermal degradation and textural observations,”, W. J. M. Meijer and E. W. J. M. Mathijssen, “Analysis of crop performance in research on inulin, fibre and oilseed crops,”, T. F. Tadros, A. Vandamme, B. Levecke, K. Booten, and C. V. Stevens, “Stabilization of emulsions using polymeric surfactants based on inulin,”, A. C. Eissens, G. K. Bolhuis, W. L. J. Hinrichs, and H. W. Frijlink, “Inulin as filler-binder for tablets prepared by direct compaction,”, L. G. Torres, S. L. Carpinteyro-Urban, and M. Vaca, “Use of prosopis laevigata seed gum and opuntia ficus-indica mucilage for the treatment of municipal wastewaters by coagulation-flocculation,”, J. Zhang, F. Zhang, Y. Luo, and H. Yang, “A preliminary study on cactus as coagulant in water treatment,”, K. A. Ghebremichael, K. R. Gunaratna, H. Henriksson, H. Brumer, and G. Dalhammar, “A simple purification and activity assay of the coagulant protein from Moringa oleifera seed,”, Department of Environment, Malaysia, Environmental quality (Sewage and Industrial Effluent) Regulation 1979, Third schedule environmental quality act, A. Ndabigengesere, K. Subba Narasiah, and B. G. Talbot, “Active agents and mechanism of coagulation of turbid waters using Moringa oleifera,”, C. Y. Yin, S. Abdul-Talib, Y. P. Lim, M. S. N. Ismail, S. N. A. Abdul-Razak, and A. M. Mohd-Mohtar, “Turbidity removal from surface waters and landfill leachate using cactus opuntia,”. Drinking a glass of banana stem juice mixed with a few drops of lime juice every day prevents formation of kidney stones. This is a perfect weightloss drink too. Banana stem can be cooked or consumed raw in juice form. Banana stem juice is rich in iron and vitamin B6, which are responsible for increasing … The dried filter disk was then cooled and weighted. The flowers, fruit and stems can be eaten, the leaves can be used as plates and the bark can be used to make paper. To avoid any fermentation, the coagulation experiments using this banana stem juice as a natural coagulant were carried out on the same day. This result indicated that at pH 7, the maximum amount of coagulant is converted to solid phase flocs particles. At the end of the experiment, the sample will be test for COD, pH and turbidity. There are several treatment methods used to treat waste metal-cutting fluids [2], namely, chemical coagulation [6], adsorption [7], microfiltration, and ultrafiltration [8–10], as well as biological (aerobic and anaerobic) process [11–14]. As the banana stem contains lots of fibre, its juice can help you control your cravings and keep you full. The authors gratefully acknowledge Research Management Institute (RMI), Universiti Teknologi MARA Malaysia for providing the research grant for this study, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia, and Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sarawak Campus, for technical support. Characteristics of spent coolant wastewater. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) refers to the amount of oxygen required to oxidize the organic compounds in a water sample to carbon dioxide and water. Evaluation of plant-based natural coagulants for municipal wastewater treatment. The usage of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant in COD, SS, and turbidity removal, however, is known to be limited in the published literature. The total turbidity percentage removal was calculated as follows: Banana stem juice is beneficial to health, according to Ayurveda. Three main parameters were … The heavier flocs will easily settle down through the sedimentation process. Cleanses The Urinary Tract. The turbidity and pH of the wastewater, before and after jar test, were then measured using the nephelometer and pH meter, respectively. Van der Gast, A. S. Whiteley, and I. P. Thompson, “Temporal dynamics and degradation activity of an bacterial inoculum for treating waste metal-working fluid,”, K. Bilba, M. A. Arsene, and A. Ouensanga, “Study of banana and coconut fibers. Idris et al., 2013 Dragon fruit foliage Latex effluent Thorns … Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions. 3.1. Appropriate pH and dosage of the natur al coagulant was observed to be 4 and 1000mg/L respectively. In this study, it was determined that the foliage of banana stem contained 38.03% carbon, 0.42% nitrogen, and 5.46% hydrogen, meanwhile the stem juice contained 33.42% carbon, 0.49% nitrogen, and 6.17% hydrogen. The raw banana stem is full of potassium and vitamin b6. Banana Stem: 1 cup chopped; Apple: 1 large; Sugar: As needed; Water: 1 cup; Soak the banana stem in water for an hour and blend it to get the juice. N. Hilal, G. Busca, F. Talens-Alesson, and B. P. Atkin, “Treatment of waste coolants by coagulation and membrane filtration,”, M. Kobya, C. Ciftci, M. Bayramoglu, and M. T. Sensoy, “Study on the treatment of waste metal cutting fluids using electrocoagulation,”, C. Chenga, D. Phippsa, R. M. Alkhaddar, and R. M., “Treatment of spent metalworking fluids,”, M. Sokovic and K. Mijanovic, “Ecological aspects of the cutting fluids and its influence on quantifiable parameters of the cutting processes,”, M. Greeley and N. Rajagopalan, “Impact of environmental contaminants on machining properties of metalworking fluids,”, S. Rios, C. Pazos, and J. Coca, “Destabilization of cutting oil emulsions using inorganic salts as coagulants,”, C. Solisio, A. Lodi, A. Converti, and M. Del Borghi, “Removal of exhausted oils by adsorption on mixed Ca and Mg oxides,”, J. M. Benito, S. Ebel, B. Gutierrez, C. Pazos, and J. Coca, “Ultrafiltration of a waste emulsified cutting oil using organic membranes,”, N. Hilal, G. Busca, N. Hankins, and A. W. Mohammad, “The use of ultrafiltration and nanofiltration membranes in the treatment of metal-working fluids,”, M. Belkacem, H. Matamoros, C. Cabassud, Y. Aurelle, and J. Cotteret, “New results in metal working wastewater treatment using membrane technology,”, J. V. G. Christopher and P. I. Thompson, “Effects of pH amendment on metal working fluid wastewater biological treatment using a defined bacterial consortium,”, H. B. Schrever and R. W. Coughlin, “Effects of stratification in a fluidized bed bioreactor during treatment of metalworking wastewater,”, B. R. Kim, D. N. Rai, J. F. Zemla, F. Lipari, and P. V. Harvath, “Biological removal of organic nitrogen and fatty acids from metal-cutting-fluid wastewater,”, C. Cheng, D. Phipps, and R. M. Alkhaddar, “Thermophilic aerobic wastewater treatment of waste metalworking fluids,”, K. Takada, Y. Kondo, K. Yamaguchi, and S. Sakamoto, “Study on recycling of waste water from spent water-soluble coolant,”, C. Namasivayam, N. Kanchana, and R. T. Yamuna, “Waste banana pith as adsorbent for the removal of Rhodamine-B from aqueous solutions,”, C. Namasivayam, D. Prabha, and M. Kumutha, “Removal of direct red and acid brilliant blue by adsorption on to banana pith,”, K. S. Low, C. K. Lee, and A. C. Leo, “Removal of metals from electroplatinc wastes using banana pith,”, D. Deepak, K. V. Anand, and R. Bhargava, “Biodegradation of metal cutting oil: evaluation of kinetic parameters,”. Stones slowly develop over months or years and are composed of … #1.Banana Stem Juice with Buttermilk The diuretic properties of banana stem juice help in reducing the size of kidney stones. This paper reports on the potential of juice produced from banana stem as a natural coagulant for the removal of COD, SS, and turbidity from spent coolant wastewater. The stem will be left abundantly in the plantation and normally will just rot or be used as fertilizer. From the graph, the highest recorded COD and SS removal percentage was observed for effluent pH 7 at 83.9% and 84.1%, respectively. Nonetheless, many disadvantages are associated with the usage of these coagulants such as relatively high procurement costs as well as detrimental effects on human health and environment. The fresh juice of banana stem was stored in a refrigerator at 7ºC to ensure its freshness. Other than that, banana pith also could be a useful biosorbent in the preliminary removal of cuprum from electroplating wastes [19]. The pH value of treated spent coolant wastewater complied with the pH range (5–8) stipulated by the DOE, Malaysia. 3. Banana stem juice is rich in iron and vitamin B6, which are responsible for increasing the hemoglobin content in blood. The adsorption capacities were 5.92 and 4.42 mg dye per gram of pith for direct red and acid brilliant blue, respectively [18]. The composition of hydrogen was higher in banana stem juice compared to the banana stem. All values except for pH and turbidity are expressed in mg/L. Strain the juice and ass some ice cubes to this healthy smoothie. Mixing cardamom with banana stem juice relaxes the bladder and helps prevent against painful kidney stones. The flow rates of injection were 1 mL/min with 200 μL injection volume. The data for standard inulin was used to construct the calibration curve. The settling of flocs particles was then observed and recorded. Soak the banana stem in water for an hour and blend it to get the juice. The juice extracted from the soft inner portion of the banana stem contains an array of nutrients that can help with various health problems. Coagulation experiments using jar test was performed with a flocculation system where the effects During settling, samples were withdrawn with pipette from 2 cm depth at 5 min intervals for 30 min. The usage of banana stem juice as a natural coagulant in COD, SS, and turbidity removal, however, is knowntobelimitedinthepublishedliterature. Figure 4 shows the effect of the dosage of banana stem juice as a coagulant on flocculation effectiveness at optimum pH value 7 for banana stem juice. Similar Recipes. Response Surface … There were not many differences between the compositions of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen in banana stem/juice and the established plant-based coagulants such as nonshelled Moringa seeds and shelled Moringa seeds. Also, beneficial for weight loss. Banana stem juice has many health benefits and can be made at home very easily. Banana pith coagulant was added at dosages of 0.1–1 kg/m 3. The peak of inulin on the juice sample was recorded. Generally, pH 7 was found to be a good pH for efficient removal of COD, SS, and turbidity by banana stem juice, where the percentages were at 83.9, 84.1, and 90.9%, respectively. seasonings of choice can be added for extra flavor like salt, sugar, jaggery, stevia, pepper powder, chaat masala, cinnamon powder, cardamom powder, cumin powder, lemon juice; banana stem plain juice (with salt) ingredients used. Three main parameters were studied, namely, chemical oxygen demand (COD), suspended solids (SSs), and turbidity of effluent. 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