Born in 1862 in Baumgarten, Austria, Klimt was the son of a gold and silver engraver. Others seem to seamlessly blend several artistic elements to produce a winning fusion of techniques from both Eastern and Western artists. He twice commissioned Klimt to paint a portrait of Adele. Although stylistically very different works, the two portraits share the same tumultuous history. Exhibition. Adele Bloch-Bauer was born in Vienna in 1881 as Adele Bauer, the youngest daughter of Bavarian immigrants Moritz Bauer, the general director of the Vienna Bank Association and the president of Oriental Railroad, and Jeanette Bauer (nee Honig). Gustav Klimt's Adele Bloch-Bauer II portrait is arguably one of his more famous paintings. Solid lines are used to emphasise her clothing and posture. In 2006 it was sold for almost $88 million, making it one of the most expensive pieces of art in the world. This portrait was the second of Adele, wife of Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer and was created in 1912. The sale of Adele Bloch Bauer I, Adele Bloch Bauer II and Apple Tree I to the Austrian Gallery and of Beech Forest (Birch Forest) to the Vienna City Collections by Dr. Führer, the lawyer officially assigned the task of liquidating Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer's assets between 1938 and 1945, cannot be deemed a legal transaction attributable to Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer. The Austrian museum where they resided after the war was reluctant to return them to their rightful owners, hence a protracte… The Lady in Gold: The Extraordinary Tale of Gustav Klimts Masterpiece, Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer by Anne-Marie OConnor. After completing his studies he opened his own studio in 1883, specialising in mural paintings. The two Adele Bloch-Bauer portraits perfectly capture the style of Klimt, with a personal touch and extravagant finish marking much of his best work. Like the Adele Bloch-Bauer II Painting, many other pieces from Klimt have been produced in a format that makes it easy for people to interact with them on a daily basis. She stands on a purple patterned floor, against a panelled colorful background, made up of pinks and greens and floral motifs in the central section and an oriental inspired motif in the top section. There is a strong visual resemblance in terms of the arrangement of space and background elements, to a piece such as "Beauties Of The Yoshiwara- Shigeoka from Okamotoya House On Kyo Street". This painting is perhaps most famous not for its artistic quality, but because of its scandalous history since inception. Oprah sold the work for $150 million in 2016 to an anonymous Chinese buyer. 3. The red block at the top contrasts sharply with the final block of colour, which is rendered in purple. Reparations, Colonization, and the Return of ‘Stolen’ Art to Africa, Feast of the Rosary: Albrecht Dürer’s Masterpiece. Portrait Of Adele Bloch Bauer I Wikipedia Portrait Of Adele Bloch Bauer I By Gustav Klimt 1907 The Portrait Of Adele Bloch Bauer I Wikipedia In Adele Bloch-Bauer II, Klimt portrays Adele as a vertical tower in the center of the composition. She wears a dark hat and a simple off-white dress with a blue sash and shrug with the lower part of the dress decorated in darker patterns. This mural also marked the beginning of Klimt’s “femme fatales”, depictions of expressive, seductive women. Adele Bloch-Bauer was the wife of Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer, who was a wealthy industrialist who sponsored the arts and supported Gustav Klimt. Flowers also surround the lower body of the subject in Adele Bloch-Bauer II, flowing from her waist to her feet. The Bloch-Bauer family were an important contact for Klimt, financing several artworks during his career and allowing him to work without stresses from other areas of his life. In 1899 her parents arranged her marriage to Ferdinand Bloch, a banker and sugar manufacturer. Adele Bloch-Bauer (1881–1925) was a refined art-loving Viennese salon lady, a patron and close friend of Gustav Klimt. Adele Bloch-Bauer became the only model who was painted twice by Klimt when he completed a second picture of her, Adele Bloch-Bauer II, in 1912. In this article, Singulart discusses the life of Klimt and the historical context of Adele Bloch-Bauer II. Indeed, the first title in this series is amongst Klimt's most famous paintings. Klimt received the commission in 1903 but did not complete the painting until 1907, when it was presented in Mannheim that same year. (Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer II is a 1912 painting by Gustav Klimt.) Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I (1907) One of the most expensive artworks ever sold, the Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I is located at the Neue Galerie in New York City. While his portraits focus on individuals, they still have mass appeal, just like his other work. But Klimt’s Portrait of Adele Bloch Bauer I (1907), around which the current film focuses, was created in another Vienna, one sparkling with life and light, enlivened by the vivid Jewish culture of the city. However, her entire posture and the position of her head give her an air of reserve. His early work was classical, in keeping with 19th century academic painting, as is exemplified by his murals for the Vienna Burgtheater (1888), for which he was awarded the Golden Order of Merit by the Emperor Franz Josef. In 1897, along with other members of Vienna’s Avant-Garde, Klimt founded and became the leader of a radical group called The Vienna Secession. Klimt enhances the subject's physical beauty with elements from the natural world, positioning them just as a Japanese artist of the time would. Adele Bloch-Bauer II has been exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art and the Neue Gallery in New York and now resides in the anonymous buyers private collection. 'Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer II' was an excellent combination of oil, gold and silver on a canvas 190 x120 cm. Desc: Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer II is a 1912 painting by Gustav Klimt.Adele Bloch-Bauer was a refined art-loving Viennese salon lady, a patron and close friend of Gustav Klimt. Klimt’s first version of her portrait, Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I is the epitome of his opulent Gold Period style, whereas Adele Bloch-Bauer II is a more simple, colorful oil on canvas work. Little children everywhere can enjoy his art in a form that is more accessible to them. The portrait is one among the many expensive artworks by Gustav Klimt. Gustav Klimt (1862-1918) was an Austrian artist and the leader of the Vienna Secession movement, whose work would come to define the Art Nouveau movement. Many of his paintings may strongly exhibit one of his influences, such as Japanese vertical layouts. Your email address will not be published. Maria Altmann won the case and auctioned the painting in 2006, which was bought by Oprah Winfrey for $88 million. Learn more about Portrait Of Adele Bloch Bauer II Gustav Klimt - oil artwork, painted by one of the most celebrated masters in the history of art. Adele Bloch-Bauer II Painting by Gustav Klimt. His experimental methods helped to fuel the Secession in art. Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer II Auction: Gustav Klimt presented both the paintings of Adele Bloch-Bauer to her. Along with Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I and four other paintings from the Bloch-Bauer collection, Adele Bloch-Bauer II was involved in the trial of the Republic of Austria v. Altmann, in which Adele and Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer’s heir Maria Altmann sued the Austrian State for refusing to return her family’s art collection after the Nazi’s stole the works during the Second World War. In this article, Singulart discusses the life of Klimt and the historical context of Adele Bloch-Bauer II… Upon becoming acquainted with Adele Bloch-Bauer, a wealthy society woman and hostess of a renowned Viennese Salon at the beginning of the twentieth century, one can easily understand why art and life seemed to blend together in her eyes. Realism Art and Style: Everything You Need to Know, Cologne Cathedral Window, Combining Tradition and Technology. Following his father’s artistic influence, he began studying at Vienna’s School of Applied Arts at the age of 14 where he took a range of subjects including fresco painting and mosaics. People who examine Adele Bloch-Bauer II will see vertical divisions in the painting which are often a part of Japanese paintings. Required fields are marked *. “Adele Bloch-Bauer I” (1907), by Gustav Klimt, is a showboat painting that, last month, fetched a showboat price: a hundred and thirty-five million dollars, the most on record for a work of art. In 1912 Gustave Klimt painted a second portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer, making her the only person to have had her portrait painted twice by Klimt. The story behind Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I. Adele Bloch-Bauer (1881-1925) came from a wealthy Viennese Jewish family, her father was the director of the largest bank in Austria-Hungary as well as the general director of Oriental Railroads. This fact was a reflection of her standing among Vienna’s elite and her position as a patron of the arts with her husband Ferdinand. Adele Bloch-Bauer II is a painting by Gustav Klimt. Adele Bloch-Bauer II: Beethoven Frieze: Danaë: Adele Bloch-Bauer I by Gustav Klimt took the artist a time period of 3 years to complete. Adele Bloch-Bauer II is a 1912 painting by Gustav Klimt. Influences Historical Background Artist Backgroud ~Gustav Klimt ~Born on July 14th, 1862 ~In Baumgarten, near Vienna in Austria-Hungary ~Lived in Vienna, Austria ~Style: Art Noveau, Symbolism, Modern Art ~Studied at Vienna School of Arts and Crafts ~Influence: Hans Makart Adele Bloch-Bauer was the only model to be painted twice by Klimt; she also appeared in the much more famous Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I . This painting is unique among Klimt's portraits because she is the only subject he chose to paint twice. Adele Bloch-Bauer II (1912), a more conventional work in jewel tones, surfaced at New York’s Museum of Modern Art in September 2014, as part of a long-term loan.. She was the only sitter that Klimt painted twice in full-legth. This "golden style" depiction of Adele Bloch-Bauer is arguably Klimt's most famous portrait. Adele Bloch-Bauer was the only person whose portrait was painted twice by Klimt; she also appeared in the much more famous Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I. Adele's portraits had hung in the family home prior to their seizure by the Nazis during World War II. Although stylistically very different works, the two portraits share the same tumultuous history. © GustavKlimt.net 2020. Upon her death, Adele Bloch-Bauer wished the painting to be given to the Austrian State Gallery, but it was seized by advancing German forces in World War II. Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer II is a 1912 painting by Gustav Klimt. Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer II is one of artworks by Gustav Klimt. During his studies he spent a lot of time copying the works of Old Masters in Vienna’s museums. The art work is made of oil and gold, on a canvas print, and it is used to display an elaborate and an ornate style or art. His work became increasingly concerned with psychology and sexuality and women appear as his repeated favourite subject matter. One of two formal portraits that Gustav Klimt made of Adele Bloch-Bauer, an important patron of the artist, is now on view at MoMA as a special long-term loan from a private collection. It was created in 1912 and is currently part of a private collection. Lady in gold klimt Lady in gold klimt Gustav Klimt, Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer II, 1912, private collect The portrait is the final and most fully representative work of Klimt’s golden phase. Adele Bloch-Bauer II by Gustav Klimt is a portrait painting. These are definitely reminiscent of the arrangement of smaller figures in many ukiyo-e pieces. Adele Bloch-Bauer II is not the only portrait that Klimt is famous for. This painting, made at the height of Klimt's career, prompted critics to coin the phrase 'Mehr Blech wie Bloch', a pun meaning more brass (i.e., money) than Bloch. This painting was one of many which were seized by the Nazis during the war. A trip to Ravenna in Italy, where he encountered Byzantine art, led to his famous Gold Period. All Rights Reserved. Adele Bloch-Bauer was the wife of Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer, a wealthy industrialist in Vienna, where Klimt lived and worked. Adele Bloch-Bauer was the wife of Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer, a wealthy industrialist who sponsored the arts and supported Gustav Klimt. Adele Bloch-Bauer was the wife of Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer, who was a wealthy industrialist who. The patterned background suggests a close up of a decorated interior and refers to Adele Bloch-Bauer’s high social status. During the World War II, the Adele's portrait was concealed from the public because of the apparent Jewish origin of the model; after the war, it took its place in the Belvedere Gallery. Media in category "Adele Bloch-Bauer II" This category contains only the following file. After the German invasion to Austria in 1938, Nazis captured almost all the property of the Bloch-Bauer family. From here, Klimt shed the classical pretenses for depicting the human form with propriety and began to explore themes of human desire, dreams and mortality through richly symbolic compositions which would come to define his style. Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I (also called The Lady in Gold or The Woman in Gold) is a painting by Gustav Klimt, completed between 1903 and 1907.The portrait was commissioned by the sitter's husband, Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer [], a Jewish banker and sugar producer.The painting was stolen by the Nazis in 1941 and displayed at the Österreichische Galerie Belvedere. Tags: portrait, adele, bloch-bauer, ii All rights to paintings and other images found on PaintingValley.com are owned by their respective owners (authors, artists), and the Administration of the website doesn't bear responsibility for their use. He is also known for the "Portrait of Serena Lederer", "Portrait of Joseph Pembauer" and "Portrait of Frau Heymann", to name a few. The woman in "Beauties Of The Yoshiwara" has numerous small flowers on her kimono. Adele Bloch-Bauer II was the second portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer painted by Gustav Klimt. People who first encounter Klint's Adele Bloch-Bauer portrait in the form of a Barbie doll may later go on to university, where they might see a copy of his painting, "The Kiss" on one of its walls. The family had a difficult time recovering it from the Austrian museum where it was kept and only succeeded in doing so after a lengthy court battle. In these works he treats the human figure without shadow and heightens the lush sensuality of skin by surrounding it with areas of flat, highly ornamental, brilliantly composed areas of … Klimt died at the age of 55 and despite having mentored artists such as Egon Schiele and Oskar Kokoschka his legacy was somewhat overlooked until much later in the twentieth century. Your email address will not be published. While people looking at the painting will see that Adele is a beautiful woman, she is also portrayed with an element of restraint. Adele Bloch-Bauer was the only person to be painted twice by Klimt. This may be due in part to the avant-garde style that he developed as his artistic career progressed. Referred sometimes as the Austrian Mona Lisa, “Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I” by Gustav Klimt is a world-known portrait of a wealthy society aristocrat woman named Adele Bloch- Bauer. commissioned by Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer. This may be reflective of her position in society. The flowers help to create a dramatic impression. The two Adele Bloch-Bauer portraits perfectly capture the style of Klimt, with a personal touch and extravagant finish marking much of his best work. The whole painting is depicted with real gold and silver leaves, and some regular oil paint.There was also another portrait of the woman called Adele Bloch Baucer II. Both of these titles have attracted huge purchase prices at auction and have also been involved in a legal tug-of-war due to post-WW2 claims of ownership. His portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer has even been used to … Klimt included elements of Japanese art in his work, as well as symbols which gave his paintings and landscapes a slightly magical or dreamlike quality. The Last Supper: The Greatest Masterpiece of the R... Buying Original Art: The Ultimate Guide to Art Sho... 5 Most Expensive Paintings of All Time: Da Vinci t... Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifi... Sky Above Clouds IV, The Landscape, and O’Ke... Log in for artists (Singulart artists only). And when she sat for a portrait by Gustav Klimt, she was transformed into an icon, writes Kimberly Bradley. Her husband was known as a patron of the arts and supported Klimt's work. The rich patron encouraged these relatively controversial artists and was delighted to have several portraits produced of his wife. Strong blocks of colour are used to separate the composition into at least three separate spaces. He and his brother were unorthodox in their methods. His portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer has even been used to make a a Barbie doll. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Adele Bloch-Bauer was an avid art patron at the centre of Vienna’s cultural life. As a wealthy industrialist who had made his fortune in the sugar industry, he sponsored the arts and favored and supported Gustav Klimt. The influence of Egyptian art on Klimt is undoubtedly at work in this portrait of the wife of the industrialist Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer. Singulart | Magazine > Art History > Adele Bloch-Bauer II: The Second of Klimt’s Great Portraits. Adele Bloch-Bauer II was the spouse of a wealthy industrialist. Gustav Klimt's Adele Bloch-Bauer II portrait is arguably one of his more famous paintings. Sep 5, 2014–Aug 15, 2016. He also sold portraits with his brother and worked for an ear specialist making technical drawings, all of which helped Klimt develop a mastery for depicting the human form. Artwork analysis, large resolution images, user comments, interesting facts and much more. Adele Bloch-Bauer II was the second portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer painted by Gustav Klimt. There is seriousness in the painting, evident in the lines which are used to portray her erect form. Other articles where Adele Bloch-Bauer I is discussed: Gustav Klimt: …as Fritza Riedler (1906) and Adele Bloch-Bauer I (1907). Adele Bloch-Bauer . This is further evidence of the mass appeal that his artwork has. The initial block contains several smaller figures. He continued his rebellious experimentation with his commissioned mural for the Kunsthistorisches Museum, where he represented the history of art from Egypt to the Renaissance through human female figures, rejecting any historical or allegorical pretext that would have deemed such portrayals acceptable by the establishment. Despite the enduring influence of the city’s traditional government and artistic establishment, Vienna at this time was a hub of bohemian artistic activity, and Klimt’s works fit in perfectly with the experiments other avant-garde cultural figures such as Otto Wagner, Gustav Mahler and Sigmund Freud. In the early 1900’s he took his interest in the human form, more specifically the female form, further in a series of erotic drawings of women. 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