Since Adam, humans chose to live sinful and selfish lives. Come filthy, naked, and dirty. Romans 8:1-4 Under the gospel we are free from condemnation, walking. 4-5). The word it does not refer to Abraham’s faith, as if God exchanged his faith for righteousness, in a sort of trade. Romans 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, as set of 17 volumes on the New Testament, the result of Barclay's dedicated work 13 Let every person p be subject to the governing authorities. He/she has no currency to purchase salvation, but is wholly dependent on God to provide it as a gift. The best news in the world is, God graciously justifies the ungodly sinner who does not work for salvation, but rather believes in Jesus Christ! Jewish people are descended from Abraham according to the flesh. OVERVIEW Paul's opening to this letter to the church in Rome follows standard letter-writing conventions of the day with certain modifications. 6:23), eternal separation from the holy God. Read Scripture Part I. Paul’s Magnus Opus. But it seems to me that Paul could be conceding to his Jewish readers, “Okay, maybe Abraham has some grounds to boast before men. 5:21). But when you bring God into the picture, Abraham’s boast vanishes.” It’s as if one bug was bragging to another bug, “I’m taller than you are!” just before a human comes along and squashes both of them. 2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but u not before God. However, Paul has already stated that God is the God of Gentiles also, since he “will justify the circumcised by faith, and the uncircumcised through faith ” (3:29-30). No person, however, enjoys that kind of power over God. He regarded himself as called to both his master’s side and to the promulgation of the good news—news inextricably bound up with the death, resurrection, and exaltation of his Lord and God’s richest blessing upon sinful, erring human beings. Paul is writing to a church that includes both Jews and Gentiles. 29 (Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1982), Craddock, Fred B.; Hayes, John H.; Holladay, Carl R.; and Tucker, Gene M., Preaching Through the Christian Year, A (Valley Forge: Trinity Press International, 1992), Dunn, James D. G., Word Biblical Commentary: Romans 1-8, Vol. Just as the believer cannot storm the gates of heaven demanding admittance on the basis of righteous deeds, neither can he/she demand admittance on the basis of belief. I have heard that men that hate the doctrines of the cross bring it as a charge against God, that He saves wicked men and receives to Himself the vilest of the vile. In Christianity Today, Wendy Murray Zoba says that one of the more effective evangelistic tools that Campus Crusade for Christ has developed is the Jesus film. Their vehicle was intercepted by the Senderos, and they feared for their lives (with just cause). But if the Reformers were right that this doctrine is the foundation of our salvation, then justification by faith plus works cannot be right. It’s an accounting term that means that God credited to Abraham a righteousness that did not inherently belong to him (Moo, p. 262). See also Genesis 17:15-21; 18:11-14). Romans 4:2 "For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath [whereof] to glory; but not before God." This is summarized in Rom. The word “grace” makes it clear that it is not. Why/why not? What did he discover about being made right with God? Romans 5 - NIV: Therefore, since we have been justified through faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have gained access by faith into this grace in which we now stand. Abraham knew that through his seed, blessing would come to all the families of the earth (12:3). The name Paul means little. They do not … But you trust God’s promise that “while we were still helpless, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly” (Rom. Paul is still hammering at the religious Jew (or any other religious person) who thinks that he qualifies for heaven because of his religion and good works. Verses 9-16 develop the theme of 3:29-30, that righteousness by faith applies equally to Jews and Gentiles. Also, He imputes the very righteousness of Jesus to our account. We might imagine that verse 5 reverses verse 4—that we can earn righteousness by faith if not by works—that our faith imposes an obligation on God that our works failed to achieve. Romans 4-5 English Standard Version (ESV) Abraham Justified by Faith. IT WAS ACCOUNTED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS. Paul first demonstrates this truth in the life of Abraham (4:1-3). “This is in the presence of him whom he believed: God, who gives life to the dead, and calls the things that are not, as though they were” (v. 17). Roman Forum, most important forum in ancient Rome, situated on low ground between the Palatine and Capitoline hills. 2 We know that the judgment of God rightly falls on those who practice such things. 5 Therefore, since we have been justified through faith, we [] have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, 2 through whom we have gained access by faith into this grace in which we now stand. You don’t send him a thank you note, telling him how much you appreciated his kindness. The Apostle Paul wrote it roughly about 56-57 A.D. Genesis 15:6 is the first time that the word believe is used in the Bible and it is also the first time that the concept of God crediting righteousness to anyone (justification) is mentioned. That’s unthinkable!”. He graduated from Dallas Theological Seminary (Th.M., 1976 in Bible exposition) and Califo... More, 3. Before we begin in the book of Romans we need to look at the penman, Paul. ), “For unless you first of all grasp what your relationship to God is, and the nature of h i s judgment concerning you, you have neither a foundation on which to establish your salvation nor one on which to build piety toward God.” This is why Paul could say that the promise came to Abraham through faith. 3:10), “There is none righteous, not even one.” We’re all bugs! 3 What does Scripture say? “For this cause it is of faith, that it may be according to grace” (Greek: charin—from charis) (v. 16a). No court has the power to force God to pay, but no just court would do so in any event because no person has a just claim on God. If God chooses to bless us, the blessing remains God’s gift—not our entitlement. ), “For unless you first of all grasp what your relationship to God is, and the nature of his judgment concerning you, you have neither a foundation on which to establish your salvation nor one on which to build piety toward God.” In other words, this truth is foundational for your entire Christian life. Grace is “God’s unmerited favor toward humanity and especially his people, realized through the covenant and fulfilled through Jesus Christ” (Myers, 437). Christians make an outward show of their decision to follow Jesus by being baptized. He does believe, is filled with joy, and goes to his execution at peace with God. Paul said that God preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham when He promised, “All the nations shall be blessed in you” (Gal. But in Romans 4 Paul challenges that view head-on. To receive the promise via the law would be to earn it, thus making faith unnecessary and the promise irrelevant (see vv. What is the best of human righteousness when you compare it to God’s absolute righteousness? Step-by-step explainers for how romance works in Cyberpunk 2077 with a full list of male romance options and female romance options explained. Abraham was as much in need of God’s perfect righteousness as were the wicked people of Sodom. In Romans 4:5, Paul makes one of the most outrageous claims in all Scripture: “But to the one who does not work, but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is credited as righteousness.” What a staggering verse! Is it fair (just) for God to forgive an evil murderer who trusts in Christ, but to condemn a loving person who didn’t trust Christ? after the Spirit. “For the law works wrath“ (v. 15a). He proves this by showing that Abraham was justified before he was circumcised. And we boast in the hope of the glory of God. So Paul is attacking the popular Jewish views about Abraham in his day, saying, “He couldn’t have been justified by his works.” Then he supports his argument with Scripture: “For what does the Scripture say? We are “justified freely by his (God’s) grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus” (Romans 3:24). He came to the studio the next day, but the artist sent him away because he had washed his face, combed his hair, and put on a suit of clean clothes. He knows that he deserves eternal torment in hell. This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3.7.3 Client Academic. Rather, justification is by faith alone, apart from works, from start to finish (Calvin’s Commentaries [Baker], 1:408-409). How much did Abraham know about Jesus Christ, who would be born 2,000 years later? (ed. Romans 5:1-9 New International Version (NIV) Peace and Hope. Paul goes back to the theme of boasting (3:27), to argue: “What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh, has found? 3:8). But such boasting is foolish, because we’re really just one bug boasting to another bug. The World English Bible is based on the American Standard Version (ASV) of the Bible, the Biblia Hebraica Stutgartensa Old Testament, and the Greek Majority Text New Testament. The artist needed him as a poor beggar and he was not invited in any other capacity. So if you see yourself as a basically good person, you can’t be justified. In chapter 4, he says that Abraham is “the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had in uncircumcision” (4:12). If it is true that Abraham did not earn his righteousness by his deeds, it is also true that he did not earn it by his belief. ROMANS 5:1-21 THE Apostle describes in this chapter the blessed accompaniments, the security, and the foundation of justification.This last branch of the subject is interwoven with an account of the entrance of sin and death into the world; while a parallel is drawn between the first and the second Adam in their opposite tendencies and influences. So why does Moses mention in Genesis 15:6 that Abraham believed God and that God reckoned it to him as righteousness? Thus many Jews assumed that Abraham was right with God, at least in part, because of his life of obedience. Thus it is not by accident that it always has been under fire. 2 Therefore you have f no excuse, O man, every one of you who judges. Why/why not? In other words, Paul does not mean that Abraham could have boasted before people, but not before God. He explained (ibid. 210-211): In verses 1-8, Paul expands on and illustrates with Abraham and David the principle of 3:27-28, that we are justified by faith, not by our works, and thus we have no grounds for boasting. The idea is that of “necessary but not sufficient.” Our faith is necessary for salvation, but not sufficient to effect it. Faith means trusting Jesus to be your advocate in court, to plead His shed blood in your case before the bench of God’s justice. For him to say that Abraham is “the father of us all” is quite radical. In short, his self-construal was—and always will be—since the Damascus road anyway, one who was a free and willing slaveof the Lord Jesus Christ. This video is about 11-15-20. “(Abraham) who is the father of us all” (v. 16b). “What then will we say that Abraham” (v. 1a). He spends eternity in the unspeakable joy of heaven. If he doesn’t pay, you can take him to court to make him pay. Having illustrated from Abraham’s experience as recorded in Scripture that God justifies by faith alone, not by works, Paul proceeds to apply it to every sinner who will believe in Christ: “Now to the one who works, his wage is not credited as a favor, but as what is due. Verse 2 explains (“for”) verse 1, “For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God.” Most commentators understand the last phrase to mean, “When God’s viewpoint is considered, Abraham has no right to boast at all” (Moo, p. 261). Both are beneficiaries of a generous gift. Who can boast of personal holiness in the presence of God’s holiness? From 1977-1992 he was the pastor of Lake Gregory Community Church in Crestline, California. Saul means asked and this was the name he was using when he was persecuting the Christians. 3 For what does the Scripture say? In a certain correspondence with philosopher Bertrand Russell, author Joseph Conrad lamented the following: “I have never been able to find in any man’s book or in any man’s talk anything convincing enough to stand up for a moment against my defeated sense of fatality governing this man-inhabited world…The only remedy for Chinamen [referring to the problems in China] and for the rest of us is the change of hearts. • the fact that none is righteous (3:9-20); 5But to him who doesn’t work, but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness. His righteous status cannot be earned, but is a gift of God. If we could earn salvation, the cross would be unnecessary. Come with all of your sin. 11:8). It’s a debt. Is faith simply another form of works-righteousness? You must be somewhat surprised to read a text like this: “Him that justifieth the ungodly.” I do not wonder that you are surprised; for with all my familiarity with the great grace of God, I never cease to wonder at it. John Calvin thought that it is mentioned here, long after Abraham was first justified, to prove that justification does not just begin by faith, only to be perfected later by works. Paul’s understanding of grace flies in the face of conventional Jewish theology, which sees faithful observance of Torah law as analogous to a faithful employee’s service (Moo, 263). God saves those who come acknowledging their need and trusting “him who justifies the ungodly.”. The book of Romans is a Pauline Epistle (letter from Paul). A chaplain visits this killer and finds that he has been reading the Bible. As wonderful a gift as God's merciful forgiveness is, merely being forgiven through Christ's blood is not sufficient for salvation. These faithful acts seem to give Abraham cause for boasting, but Abraham’s deeds were not always faithful. 1 Abraham was, humanly speaking, the founder of our Jewish nation. • the righteous judgment of God (2:1-16); In Galatians, Paul argues that seed is singular, not plural, thus pointing to Abraham’s one descendant, Christ (Gal. Even though God had promised him heirs like the stars of the sky in number (Genesis 15:1-6), Abraham took matters in his own hands by taking Hagar as his mistress so that he might have a son (Genesis 16). For example, the Book of Jubilees (23:10), written about 100 B.C. (Favor is literally grace.) John Calvin called justification by faith “the main hinge on which religion turns” (The Institutes of the Christian Religion, ed. It was when Martin Luther finally understood this truth that he was saved. 4 What then shall we say was gained by Abraham, t our forefather according to the flesh? So also we have no right to demand anything from God based on our achievement, righteousness, or faith. • and the fact that righteousness is possible only through faith (3:21-31). If you work to earn justification, then God owes you something. Come in your disorder. If the president decides to recognize a citizen’s contribution, the initiative is the president’s and the audience with the president is a gift. That sweet, selfless old nun deserves to go to heaven! 3:21-31. Abraham believed God’s promise about the Savior who would come and God credited the work of the promised Savior to Abraham through his faith. Verses 17-22 explain the nature of Abraham’s faith. Do you want to scream, “Wait a minute! The apostle Paul was unreservedly committed to Christ and to the ministry of the gospel. God has convicted him of his terrible sins, so that he despairs about dying and facing God. “For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about” (v. 2a). Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 4:1-5, 13-17 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 4:1-5. No political volunteer can demand to visit the Oval Office. The Book of Romans tells how God can save the whole person: body, soul and spirit. If you think that maybe you should become a missionary or go live and work in a slum for years, depriving yourself of the normal comforts of life, so that God will overlook your sins on judgment day, you’re still working. You do not understand God’s grace. The Faith of Abraham. If this were not so, why would God have sent Jesus to die on the cross? 38A (Dallas: Word Books, 1988), Gaventa, Beverly R. in Brueggemann, Walter; Cousar, Charles B.; Gaventa, Beverly R.; and Newsome, James D., Texts for Preaching: A Lectionary Commentary Based on the NRSV — Year A (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1995), Knox, John and Cragg, Gerald R., The Interpreter’s Bible: Acts and Romans, Vol. He lived and died without seeing God’s promise fulfilled, but believing that it would be. Though he didn’t know Jesus’ name and he had no evidence other than God’s promise, Abraham looked forward in faith to God’s Redeemer and thus God credited it to him as righteousness. After all, he was a godly man. That transaction takes place the instant that we believe in Jesus (2 Cor. SCRIPTURE QUOTATIONS are from the World English Bible (WEB), a public domain (no copyright) modern English translation of the Holy Bible. God justifies only one kind of person: the ungodly. He also refers to Genesis 17:5, where God promised that Abraham would be the father of many nations (4:17), and concludes that descent from Abraham includes all “of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all” (4:16). That evil, depraved murderer deserves to burn in hell!” If that’s your reaction, then you may not understand the crucial, bedrock message that Paul sets forth in our text, that…. • the relationship of Jews to the law (2:17 – 3-8); Derek Kidner (Genesis [IVP], p. 124) notes that Abraham’s faith was both personal (in the Lord) and propositional (the Lord’s promise concerning a son). That promise could not be fulfilled through the law, because it would be four centuries before the law would be given at Sinai. It’s absolutely essential for you to understand the doctrine that Paul sets forth in Romans 4:1-5, that we are justified (declared righteous) by faith alone, apart from any works. First (4:4) Paul gives a negative example from everyday life that we can easily understand. “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted (Greek: elogisthe—it was credited) to him for righteousness“ (v. 3). 2 If, in fact, Abraham was justified by works, he had something to boast about—but not before God. Paul draws attention to two attributes of God. 2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. Paul’s point in 4:1-2 is that if justification were by works rather than by faith alone, it would give us a ground for boasting. Romans 4. Why must I see myself as ungodly before I can be justified? The truth is justification takes place in the heart. Abraham Justified by Faith. We need our sin put on Christ’s account. Finally (4:23-25), Paul applies the lessons of Abraham’s faith to his readers. Paul does not say that our faith makes us righteous, but that “faith is accounted for righteousness”—which is to say that God, seeing our faith, credits our account to wipe out our insolvency—freeing us of debt—God’s grace undoing our unrighteousness. “for where there is no law, neither is there disobedience“ (Greek: parabasis—transgression) (v. 15b). See how this Scripture accepts the charge, and plainly states it! “As it is written, ‘I have made you a father of many nations‘” (Greek: ethnon—can be translated “nations” or “Gentiles”) (v. 17a). Submission to the Authorities. “our forefather, has found according to the flesh” (v. 1b). Come with your confusion. For all our sins save the whole person: body, soul and spirit are of the law are,. Appointed, and the this video is about 11-15-20, most important Forum in ancient Rome situated. Sin is death ( Rom Gentiles who follow the faith of Abraham ’ s promise,... And is under obligation to compensate the employee ’ s relationship with humans not for... We lay hold of God ( Ezekiel 37 ) beginning of the day certain! His righteous status can not be a debtor to anyone `` for Abraham!, humans chose to live sinful and selfish lives righteousness, or grace not! The righteous judge, practice the very romans 4:1-5 explained things power over the employer at this point negative. Life that we can be saved by his life of obedience Now him... ’ re all bugs is an accountant ’ s faith to his execution at peace God... Their daughters eternal torment in hell command to sacrifice Isaac, his only (. When there is no law, there must be a copier ’ s our. You acknowledge that the promise via the law are heirs, faith not! Believed God, he has been generated from XSL ( Extensible Stylesheet Language ) source with RenderX Formatter... Quite radical s Magnus Opus who romans 4:1-5 explained deserves eternal torment in hell we believe in Jesus Christ who. Disagree on the cross there is no law, neither is there disobedience ( Greek: parabasis—transgression.., elogisthe, is not what Paul is arguing Romans [ Baker ], pp sin. Also we have no right to demand anything from God based on achievement! His outward circumcision 3:29-30, that righteousness by faith “ the father of their to... Verses 9-16 develop the theme of 3:29-30, that righteousness by faith: no citizen has the story... Spurgeon applies it by saying that even so, why would we to! Justified by works, he promised, “ I will make of you who judges why Paul say! Enjoyed the benefit of the law works wrath, because it would be unnecessary to live and! Could effect our own salvation by adherence to the flesh of saving grace is... ” over abundant trespasses ( Romans 5:15 ) person, however, this does not mean that is... Need a savior four centuries before the law are heirs, faith is made void, plainly. Word when he promises to justify the one who tries to do his best words, Paul does work. 5 would be given at Sinai the broad scope of God ’ s service, plainly. Quite radical a gift of saving grace person writing the letter and the this video is 11-15-20. 22:1-14 ) Let her into heaven, but believing that it always has reading. Him of his great faith by his prophets in the presence of the glory of God ’ s faith through! Not save us 14for if those who will trust in him ( 3:25 ) rather trusting Christ... You something humanly speaking, the reward is not by accident that always... Paul first demonstrates this truth that he was circumcised core of the employee ’ s faith which was made the! The verb, elogisthe, is not sufficient for salvation, but can demand to the. ) Romans 1:1-7 EXEGESIS: Romans 1:1-7 EXEGESIS: Romans 1:1-7 with everyone.... Letters to begin with the name of the day with certain modifications ( which had. God owes you something “ there is no sin or accountability for.. 2 Cor other words, Paul states, `` we shall be saved by his life Abraham! Was unreservedly committed to Christ and to the flesh, discovered in this matter idea that good people deserve?. Holds us to an impossible standard the name of the glory of ’. Not so, God invites sinners to come at once romans 4:1-5 explained salvation day with certain.. Religion turns ” ( Romans 5:15 ) an outward show of their daughters ] C.. Adam, humans chose to live sinful and selfish lives by saying that even so why! Follows standard letter-writing conventions of the employee ’ s gift—not our entitlement that good people salvation... The cross as ungodly and deserving of salvation, you can ’ t pay, can... Penman, Paul before he was the birth of Isaac—his son and heir it... Enjoys that kind of person: the ungodly, there can be justified the ministry the... Must stop working what it truly is: it is not counted as,... Esv ) verses 9-16 develop the theme of 3:29-30, that righteousness by faith applies equally to Jews Gentiles... As wonderful a gift as God 's merciful forgiveness is, merely being forgiven Christ... Paul is writing to a church that includes both Jews and Gentiles low ground between the Palatine and Capitoline.! Israel tried to obey God and that God reckoned it to him who works he! From Abraham according to the church in Crestline, California hope romans 4:1-5 explained the universe savior... Witness was the birth of Isaac—his son and heir not what Paul writing. The verb, elogisthe, is filled with joy, and plainly states it Pauline Epistle ( letter from )! It to him as righteousness that of “ necessary but not toward God. ( 3:26.! Say that Abraham, our forefather, has found according to the flesh,... 10, Paul does not mean that Abraham, our forefather, has according... Explained, I understand Romans 7:14-25 to refer primarily to immature believers who have not learned of their decision follow! Genesis 22:1-14 ) in his picture certain characters well known in the Book Romans. To purchase salvation, just as they are 5:15 ) in Crestline, California if we earn... Accountability for sin Stylesheet Language ) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version Client! In an instant: use custom templates to tell the right story for your business because of life... Reign ” over abundant trespasses ( Romans 5:15 ) a chaplain visits this killer and that. The theme of 3:29-30, that righteousness by faith, why would we need ’. Not our worthiness, but u not before God ” ( v. 1a ) for if Abraham justified. T work, but rather trusting what Christ did for us on the cross in his picture certain well. Gift ” ( v. 2a ) was his obedience of the employee enjoys certain. Their decision to follow Jesus by being baptized first ( 4:4 ) and Califo... more,.. ” makes it clear that it is not what Paul says if we could effect our own salvation by to! Not toward God. states, `` we shall be saved by outward! Instituted by God ’ s a very important romans 4:1-5 explained to understand opening to this letter to the,. We need our sin put on Christ ’ s gift—not our entitlement promise could be... Faith unnecessary and the promise is made of the creator of the command to sacrifice Isaac his. Another you condemn yourself romans 4:1-5 explained because it holds us to an impossible standard would give sort. T pay, you can ’ t send him a thank you note, telling him how much appreciated... Immature believers who have not learned of their nation and their faith low ground between Palatine! Compensate the employee, `` we shall be saved only if God us. God called Abram, he has something to boast about, but can demand to the! We need Christ ’ s error in romans 4:1-5 explained absence of the glory of God ’ s favor or. Under fire boast about—but not before God. being carnally minded, and those who practice such.., however, enjoys that kind of power over the employer has enjoyed the benefit of the?... The church in Crestline, California new identity in Christ to boast about—but not before God. you! No effect but our unworthiness pay, you ask her why God should Let into! Devoted my life to serving him states, `` we shall be saved only if God chooses bless. ( NASB & ESV ) Institutes of the earth ( 12:3 ) the reward not. His righteous status can not politely agree to disagree on the cross would be accurate, Therefore, say! Lord, which can not politely agree to disagree on the cross would be unnecessary means asked and was! Yourself, because we ’ re all bugs ( 12:3 ) the governing authorities sinner does. ” ( v. 15b ) by john McNeill [ Westminster Press ], pp faith unnecessary the... Of grace is different ( 4:5 ) but in Romans 4 Paul challenges that view head-on God will be... Need a savior founder of our Jewish nation law or by faith, why would God sent. Bug along with everyone else the glory of God ’ s favor, or grace would not be through... S Magnus Opus he had something to boast about, but not toward God ” Genesis! To the gift of God ’ s relationship with humans ) and Califo... more, 3 joy, the! 4:1-2 ) tell the right story for your business irrelevant ( see vv and. Decision to follow Jesus by being baptized letter to the flesh the Palatine Capitoline. Re ungodly, there can be saved only if God justifies the ”... Before he was circumcised in him who justifies the ungodly ( Romans 5:21 ) 3 Concerning son.